Our tour guide will pick you up from your hotel in Aswan or your Nile Cruise to start your Abu Simbel tour in a private air-conditioned vehicle. The temple was not seen by the Europeans until the 19th century when it was discovered by Burckhardt in 1813 and penetrated by Giovanni Belzoni in 1817. Today, as a result of the international effort which moved the huge, cliff-cut temple and the Small Temple to a higher around during the construction of the Aswan High Dam in 1960, the monument is one of the most famous in Egypt.
The temple was called simply Hut Ramesses Meryamun, “The Temple of Ramesses, Beloved of Amun. The massive facade of the main temple is dominated, of course, by the four seated colossi of Ramesses, which are among the tallest made in Egypt.
The Great Temple of Abu Simbel was constructed to face eastwards so that the sun’s rays illuminated the structure’s facade each sunrise. To the north of the main temple a smaller, yet still impressive, the temple was built in honor of Ramesses’s great wife, Nefertari, and the goddess Hathor, the deity most closely associated with the queenship in ancient Egypt. End of your Abu Simbel tour, Later you will be driven back to your hotel or your Nile Cruise in Aswan.